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The Merits And Demerits Of Hydroelectric Energy Investment

Hydroelectric energy is produced when flowing water is allowed to move through running turbines which then generates electrical energy. Hydropower is one of the oldest large-scale renewable energy sources which contributed a third of all energy needs in the US in the 1940s.Today the hydropower contributes around 6% of the power needs of the United States because of the increased investment in other energy sources.

The hydroelectric energy has its economic and environmental pros and cons and therefore it is crucial that these aspects are understood before investing in the energy source.

Explained below are some of the pros of making investments on the hydroelectric power generation. The first advantage is that the resource to be used that is water is free and can be readily accessed as compared to fossil fuels which are hard to come by and expensive. The second advantage of investing in the hydroelectric energy is because it has a high energy conversion efficiency of approximately 90% of the captured energy.The third attractive thing about hydroelectric power generation is that it has no water,air or land pollution which makes it better as compared to other forms of energy which contributes to global warming and causes other environmental pollution.The fourth advantage of investing in the hydroelectric energy is that the process is renewable because when water which is used to run turbines evaporates,it falls back naturally as rain. Fifthly,the hydroelectric power generation has proven to be highly useful in improving the environmental quality through the provision of high quality water that can be used to irrigate farms and the process also creates large habitats for fish and other aquatic life.The sixth good side of making investments on hydroelectric energy is the ability to continuously meet new demands through putting up additional power plants in the already existing hydropower dams. The seventh pro of investing in hydroelectric energy is that alongside power generation, you can set up recreational amenities for holidaymakers such as camping, water sports and fishing.As compared to other sources of energy such as natural gas or coal,hydroelectric energy is more cost-effective.

The cons of hydropower generation are highlighted below.First,the process of hydroelectric power generation has the potential to destroy natural habitats. Secondly,the process of hydropower generation can emit significant amount of methane and carbon IV oxide when trees and plants in the power plant rots in absence of oxygen. The other disadvantages of investing in hydroelectric energy are the facts that it relies on heavy rainfall to generate maximum power,it poses great danger to the neighbouring people and structures due to its flood riskiness and that the cost of installation is high.

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